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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 151 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 池榮尉(2004)。國民小學教師團隊發展歷程之研究—以啄木鳥教師團隊為例。中原大學教育研究所碩士學位論文(未出版)。台北。
  2. 何福田、羅瑞玉(1992)。教育改革與教師專業化,載於中華民國師範教育學會主編:教育專業。台北市:師大書苑。
  3. 何縕琪、張景媛(2003)。合作省思專業成長模式對國小教師的教學知識與信念以及社群關係之影響。(國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系)。教育心理學報,34(2),157-178。
  4. 宋佩芬、周鳳美(2002)。教師應付九年一貫課程改革的態度與原因:試辦階段的觀察。課程與教學季刊,6(1),95-112。
  5. 巫鐘琳(2005)。幼稚本位在職進修與幼教師專業成長之研究。國立嘉義大學幼兒教育學系研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施柏志(2013)。新北市國民中學教師對教師學習社群知覺情形之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-118。 
  2. 葉素枝(2011)。基隆市國民小學教師之同僚關係知覺與專業學習社群參與之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-167。 
  3. 萊素珠(Su-Chu Lai);張哲瑛(Che-Ying Chang);張雅惠(Ya-Hui Chang)(2017)。有焦點的教學省思札記與幼兒老師專業成長關係之研究。長庚科技學刊。(27)。47-62。 
  4. 莊絪婷(2010)。不同類型幼兒園教育訓練實施概況與影響之探討。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2010。1-195。
  5. 周怡佑(2012)。教保服務人員參與公私立幼稚園輔導計畫之專業成長研究。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2012。1-121。
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