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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘昌泰、范祥偉,2001,"委託外包的理論與實務之探討",47-55頁。
  2. 郭依蒨,2005,"由歷史建築再利用之使用後評估檢視委外經營機制",碩士論文,中原大學建築學系。
  3. 陳恆鈞,1996,"行政革新與市民參與:公園認養業務之探討",中國行政評論,第5卷第4 期,149-162頁。
  4. 黃冠華,2003,"民間參與公有休閒農場整建、經營之可行性研究-以嘉義農場為例",博士論文,國立成功大學建築研究所。
  5. 曾才珊,2007,"以公私合作模式發展台灣創意園區之研究",碩士論文,中興大學農村規劃研究所。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張彥頡(2012)。城市文化觀光之旅遊美感體驗-以文化創意園區為例。高雄餐旅大學旅遊管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-142。 
  2. 曾宛萱(2008)。國立傳統藝術中心園區發展脈絡與營運管理之研究。臺北大學古典文獻與民俗藝術研究所民俗藝術組學位論文。2008。1-158。
  3. 陳怡君(2009)。華山1914‧創意文化園區建置與發展研究。臺灣師範大學表演藝術研究所學位論文。2009。1-131。
  4. 鍾依儒(2011)。平衡計分卡應用於公有停車場委外經營績效評估指標建立之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-115。
  5. 黎易俊(2013)。臺灣文化創意產業園區樣態及設置條件之研究。朝陽科技大學建築系建築及都市設計碩士班學位論文。2013。1-180。
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