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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 毛義方、陳美蓮、葉文裕、楊冠洋,「勞動疲勞測定方法技術探討」,行政院勞工委員會勞工安全衛生研究所委託研究報告,台北,(1993)。
  2. 7. 何逸敏,「心物法初始重量對最大可接受抬舉重量影響之研究-以矢狀面抬舉作業為例」,碩士論文,屏東科技大學工業管理系所,屏東(2008)。
  3. 8. 吳水丕、林祺軒,「國人男性雙人物料提舉能力之研究」,技術學刊,第二十卷,第二期,pp. 175-183,台中(2005)。
  4. 10. 林正常,「勞工代謝基本資料研究(三)及資料庫應用推廣」,行政院勞工委員會勞工安全衛生研究所委託研究報告,IOSH89-M142,台北(2001)。
  5. 12. 林稚婷,「搖桿與機械式手控制器之駕駛使用性評估研究」,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學工業工程與管理系所,台中(2013)。
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