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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秋樺(2008)。從生態旅遊角度探討高中地理科戶外教學景點之適宜性。未出版之碩士論文,國立台灣大學地理環境資源研究所,台北。
  2. 朱芝緯(2000)。永續性生態旅遊遊客守則之研究--以墾丁國家公園為例。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣大學地理學研究所,台北。
  3. 江香樺(2002)。北投居民對觀光再發展之認知與態度研究。未出版碩士論文,世新大學觀光學系碩士論文,台北。
  4. 行政院交通部觀光局(2002)。生態旅遊白皮書。社團法人中華民國永續生態旅遊協會。
  5. 呂雅芸(2008)。以生態旅遊為基礎探討國小學童校外教學考量因素之研究─以台北市國小教師為例。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所,台北。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李丹維(2015)。國民中學校外教學政策及問題之研究─ 以臺中市某國中為例。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2015。1-128。 
  2. 吳青樺(2015)。不同家庭生命週期與渡假生活型態關係之研究-以臺中市國中教師為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2015。1-90。
  3. 林于婷(2016)。教保服務人員對校外教學的考量因素與學習成效之研究。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2016。1-165。
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