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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王春展(2004)。臺灣地區大學生情緒智慧、憂鬱傾向與情緒調整策略之研究。嘉南學報,30,443-460。
  2. 王春展、潘婉瑜(2005)。大學生的生活壓力與其因應策略。嘉南學報,32,469-483。
  3. 余民寧、黃馨瑩、劉育如(2011)台灣憂鬱症量表心理計量特質分析報告。測驗學刊,58(3),479-500。
  4. 吳家碧(2008)不同運動型態對憂鬱症傾向之研究-以育達商業技術學院學生為例。嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,7(3),10-19
  5. 吳崇旗、王偉琴(2006)。大學生休閒參與、休閒滿意與主觀幸福感之相關研究。台灣體育運動管理學報,4,153-158。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳婷迪(2017)。人格特質、工作價值觀與工作壓力對工作績效之關係。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-99。
  2. 柯明孝(2017)。銀髮族休閒態度、休閒參與及成功老化知覺關係之研究—以雲林縣社區照顧關懷據點為例。虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-151。
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