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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國交通部觀光局發展觀光條例(西元2015年2月4日)。
  2. 周聰佑、陳彥廷、吳佳玲(2012)。企業履行社會責任對員工組織公民行為之影響。商管科技季刊,13(2),165-190。
  3. 林家彣(2011)。企業辦理員工運動會對組織承諾與工作績效提升關聯性研究-以S公司員工運動會為例(未出版之碩士論文)。朝陽科技大學,台中市。
  4. 邱思慈、李承翰(2006)。運動觀光與區域發展。中華體育季刊,20(2),46-54。
  5. 侯啟娉、張力、林翠蓉、陳美娟(2014)。政府機關內部控制制度之執行對組織效能影響之研究-以國有財產局及國稅稽徵機關為例。商管科技季刊,15(1),55-88。
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