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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1]. 陳光華, 吳恬安: 跨語言資訊檢索中查詢問題特性於檢索效益之影響, In: Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences, Vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 183-210, Winter 2008.
  2. [4]. Braschler, M.: CLEF 2000 - Overview of Results. In: Cross-Language Information Retrieval and Evaluation. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2069, pp. 89-101, 2001, Springer Verlag.
  3. [5]. Buckley, C., Salton, G., Allan, J.: The effect of adding relevance information in a relevance feedback environment, In: Proceedings of SIGIR 17. pp. 292-300, 1994.
  4. [9]. Cleverdon, C.W.: The Cranfield Tests on Index Language Devices. In: Aslib Proceedings 19, no. 6, pp. 173-194, 1967.
  5. [15]. Giles. J.: Internet encyclopaedias go head to head, In: Nature, vol. 438, pp. 900-901 (Dec 2005) News.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴淑婉(2010)。臺北市國民小學教學輔導教師利用資訊資源之研究。政治大學圖書資訊學數位碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-133。
  2. 蔡秉栓(2011)。基於個人本體之查詢邏輯建構及關鍵字推薦。亞洲大學資訊多媒體應用學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-61。
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