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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王慧菱、譚醒朝、張曉芬(2005)。SARS 疾病災難事件對台灣生技醫療產業股價影響之研究。健康管理學刊,3(2),99-119。
  2. 朱德仁(2010)。企業危機事件與股價變化關係之研究。未出版碩士論文,私立淡江大學企業管理學系,台北。
  3. 李國榮、呂素蓮、張舜迪(2009)。台灣證券市場減資效應分析。台灣金融財務季刊,10(3)。
  4. 林惠娜、姜淑美(2007)。重大事件對台灣股匯市影響之研究─跳躍-擴散模型之應用。朝陽商管評論,6(2),29-55。
  5. 林麗嬌、陳彥儒、汪若庭(2009)。台灣上市公司購併宣告對股東財富之影響。國立勤益科技大學管理學術研討會,台中。
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