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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 16.郭俊杰等(2009)。風險管理與保險規劃。臺北:宏典文化。
  2. 21.廖文旭(2010)。勞工選擇勞工保險老年年金給付影響因素之研究。碩士論文,朝陽科技大學保險金融管理研究所,臺中。
  3. 29.Holzmann, R. & Hinz, R.(2005). Old-age income support in the 21st century : An international perspective on pension systems and reform. The World Bank Washington, D.C.
  4. 30.The World Bank (1994). Averting the old age crisis: Policies to protect the old and promote growth. New York: Oxford University Press.
  5. 1.方明川(2003)。廿一世紀商業年金保險新論。臺中:逢甲電腦排版事業有限公司。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳昱達(2014)。商業年金保險購買意圖之研究-以中部大學學生觀點為例。朝陽科技大學保險金融管理系學位論文。2014。1-46。
  2. 邱靖惠(2017)。全人生涯財賦保險規劃之研究。中山大學高階經營碩士班學位論文。2017。1-40。
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