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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10.吳瓊治(2008),「如何運用ISO10015提升教育訓練品質」,品質月刊,44(3),頁72~73
  2. 14.林文燦、孔慶瑜、林麗玲(2009),”IIP、ISO10015與TTQS差異分析”,品質月刊,45卷,4期,頁52-56,4月
  3. 21.郭建良(2003),「ISO 9001:2000品質管理系統之關鍵因素與組織績效關聯性之研究-以台灣南部製造業為例」,國立成功大學企業管理所,碩士論文
  4. 2.Chaang-Yung Kung, Tzung-Ming Yan, Chih-Cheng Huang (2007) “Applying GRM on the Decision Process of Service Quality in Medical Center”, ICIAS2007 (International conference on intelligent & advanced systems) Conference Proceedings, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp.1-4.
  5. 3.Chaang-Yung Kung, Chen-Kuo Lee, Chin-Ming Wang, Tzung-Ming Yan (2007) “Evaluation of Entry Mode of Overseas Investment Using Grey Relation Method”, Journal of Grey System, Vol.10, No.2, pp.97-104.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉偉弘(2013)。應用基因演算法及灰色理論於微針陣列製程最佳化之研究。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-66。 
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