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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3、王韋能、陳智華、謝智源(2010)。國防支出與國外武力威脅對生育率與經濟成長影響之分析。國立台灣大學經濟系出版經濟論文叢刊,第38 輯第3期。
  2. 4、王立安(2009)。國防支出對經濟成長的影響理論與實證分析。碩士論文,國立成功大學經濟學系研究所,台南。
  3. 9、汪進揚、趙一鳴(2005)。經濟發展與國防需求關係之研究。真理財經學報12(2005),頁23-52。
  4. 14、查台傳(2005)。國防預算規模合理化之研究。碩士論文,台灣大學政治學研究所,台北。
  5. 15、孫克難,中華經濟研究院經濟專論(1999)。台灣地區國防支出對經濟成長的影響。台北:同作者。
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