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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 232 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 國立台灣師範大學教育研究所,台北。
  2. 3.周立勳(1986)。國小教師工作壓力、控制信念與職業倦怠之關係研究。未
  3. 9. 郭生玉(1990)。教師工作壓力與工作心厭關係之研究。國立台灣師範
  4. 之調查研究。未出版碩士論文,國立高雄師範大學教育研究所,高雄。
  5. 11.林佳蓉(1990)。老人的休閒參與對休閒滿意和生活滿意之影響,大專體
Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佳怡(2014)。教師工作壓力、情緒管理對教學品質影響之研究-以台南市安平區國小為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2014。1-116。 
  2. 宋瓊如(2015)。高雄市國中教師工作壓力、休閒參與及休閒調適之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-118。 
  3. 陳怡臻(2014)。影響電影類型選擇與休閒滿意度之因素探討 -以高雄市國中生為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-148。 
  4. 林佩蓉(2013)。高雄市軍訓教官休閒涉入對高中職學生休閒態度、休閒參與及學習績效之影響。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-0。
  5. 郭羿伶(2014)。桃園縣幼兒園教師參與休閒活動與工作壓力關係之研究。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-167。
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