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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 178 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院體委會(2011)。中華民國100年度運動統計。
  2. 行政院體委會(2011)。中華民國100年運動城市調查。
  3. 吳承典(2003)。雲林縣國小教師休閒運動參與及阻礙因素之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立雲林科技大學休閒運動研究所,雲林。
  4. 吳敏惠(2009)。國民小學校長領導風格、學校組織氣氛與教師組織承諾之研究。未出版碩士論文,中原大學教育研究所,桃園。
  5. 李柏慧、劉淑燕(2005)。民眾從事健走行為意圖之研究。大專體育學刊,7(1),147-156。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝東波(2013)。大學校院學生社團參與動機、社團涉入及學習成效之探討-以朝陽科技大學為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2013。1-110。
  2. 鍾瀚億(2014)。健身俱樂部消費者知覺價值、運動承諾對忠誠度之影響。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-132。
  3. 劉國良(2014)。社區運動性社團參與動機對團體氣氛與運動承諾影響之研究-以 台中市海線地區為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-98。
  4. 李伊純(2016)。瓦楞紙玩具的知覺品質、知覺價值對購買意願影響。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士班學位論文。2016。1-86。
  5. 洪郁欣(2017)。遊客遊憩體驗、旅遊知覺價值與搭乘滿意度對再乘意願之研究-以澎湖某客輪為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2017。1-62。
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