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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何文榮與張惠敏(2008)。董事會特徵、投資決策與公司經營績效關聯性之研究。華人經濟研究,6(2),81-113。
  2. 李春安與徐傳瑛(2010)。董事會獨立性與企業財務危機關係之研究。管理與系統,17(3),467-499。
  3. 李馨蘋與莊宗憲(2007)。公司治理機制與公司績效之實證研究-追蹤型資料二階段最小平方法之應用。東吳經濟商學學報,57,1-27。
  4. 沈中華(2002)。金控公司的銀行與獨立銀行CAMEL 比較:1997~1998。台灣金融財務季刊,3(2),73-82。
  5. 許鈺珮與張鍚介(2005)。金融控股公司實施對台灣銀行業經營效率影響之分析。金融風險管理季刊,1(2),33-56。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳俊龍(2014)。不動產市場景氣對銀行風險與財務績效的非線性研究-縱橫平滑移轉模型之應用。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-54。 
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