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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.工商及服務業普查查詢系統資料(2005)。工商及服務業普查總報告書
  2. 6.朱惠英(2006)。台南市上班族之生活型態與香草餐廳消費者決策行為之研究。建國科大學報,25(3),45-70。
  3. 7.何冠清、黃開聰、林慧生(2003)。消費者對藥膳餐廳食品品質的態度與飲食行為之研究。第八屆餐飲管理學術研討會論文集(頁17-33)。
  4. 9.李皇照、林素娟(1997)。三種家庭類型外食消費支出分析-家計生產模型之應用。農業經濟叢刊,3(1),1-24。
  5. 10.李榮生(2002)。台北市不同社經背景、家庭飲食健康與消費型態研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學家政教育研究所,台北。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊茹絜(2012)。消費者旅遊前中後使用網路動機分析。中興大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-64。 
  2. 黃明德(2014)。外食頻率及營養因子對於骨質流失之影響—以2004年-2008年台灣國民營養健康狀況變遷調查為對象。臺北醫學大學保健營養學研究所學位論文。2014。1-141。 
  3. 何玉瀞(2016)。麵條消費行為調查與紅豆麵條開發。中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系所學位論文。2016。1-86。
  4. 陸美吟(2016)。營養均衡早餐意向之探討─以高雄市國中生為例。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2016。1-101。
  5. 林文章(2016)。臺中市居民早午餐消費行為之研究- 以臺中成旅晶贊飯店為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2016。1-82。
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