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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林欣美、郭麗華、蘇迺惠(2008)。國際化程度、董事會結構、精練法人監督對盈餘管理之影響,以台灣資訊電子業為例。台大管理論叢,19(1),157-186。
  2. 陳冠宙、陳育成、陳雪如(2005)。影響上市公司網站資訊透明度因子之實證。會計與公司治理,2(1),33-59。
  3. 謝宗林(1988)。股票市場與內線交易。經濟前瞻。9,120-125
  4. Abbott, L., Y. Park, and S. Parker. 2000. The effects of audit committee activity and independence on corporate fraud. Managerial Finance.26:56-67
  5. Ashton, R., P. Graul, and J. Newton. 1989. Audit delay and the timeliness of corporate reporting. Contemporary Accounting Research 5(2):657-673
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖述毅(2014)。ERP 系統執行與財務報表公告時間落差之關係。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-35。 
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