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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 杜友蘭(1997)。三角交叉法在護理研究上的應用.護理研究。5,546-550。
  2. 2. 李玉瑛(1999)。實現你的明星夢-台灣婚紗照的消費文化分析。台灣社會研究季刊,36,147-186。
  3. 3. 李玉瑛(2004)。女性凝視:婚紗照與自我影像之戲。台灣社會學刊,33,1-49。
  4. 6. 吳芝儀、廖梅花譯(2006)。Anselm S.與Juliet C.原著。質性研究入門—紮根理 論研究方法(初版七刷)(Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory)。
  5. 9. 屈寧英(2004)。高中生生活壓力、社會支持、行為模式與幸福感相關性之研究--以台北市立某女子高級中學為例。國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文,台北。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳惠英(2015)。A生技公司之顧客教育、顧客準備程度與顧客參與關聯之探討-以牛樟芝保健品為例。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-62。 
  2. 方昱丰(2014)。再生公益電腦逆向供應鏈探討。長榮大學企業管理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-119。 
  3. 林若葳(2015)。消費者幸福感量表發展之研究。臺中科技大學流通管理系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-104。 
  4. 沈意堯(2017)。顧客參與、產品創新程度、產品熟悉度與新產品開發績效之關聯。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-41。
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