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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林旗銘(2009)。家庭生命週期、等值尺度與食品消費支出。中興大學行銷學系所碩士論文,台中。
  2. 姚憶慈(2013)。台灣家計單位套裝旅遊消費支出之實證分析。國立中正大學國際經濟研究所碩士論文,嘉義。
  3. 許毓容(2013)。探討台灣民眾長期旅遊狀況研究。國立臺北大學統計學系碩士論文,臺北。
  4. 黃宜純(2000)。美容與美髮沙龍店長專業能力分析研究。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系博士論文,臺北。
  5. 黃建文、蘇印璽(2013)。美髮業服務品質、知覺價格、知覺價值、滿意度對行為意向之研究-以台灣、廣東為例。台南應用科大學報,第32期,頁001-020。
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