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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 151 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昭正(2005)。森林保健休閒可行性之研究。運動休閒管理學報,2(1),23-39。
  2. 王郁雯、柯惠玲、嚴雅音、林盈諄、林碧莉、胡智揚等(2013)。應用計畫行為理論探討青少年戒菸意圖及其影響因素--以南部某醫護專科學校為例。臺灣口腔醫學科學雜誌 ,28(1),4-22。
  3. 王國川(1998)。計劃行為理論各成份量表之設計、發展與建立-以青少年無照騎車行為之研究為例。師大學報,43(2),67-91。
  4. 白秀雄(1994)。我國國民年金制度建構之探討。研考雙月刊,4-9。
  5. 江雯晴(2012)。臺北市樂齡游泳者休閒涉入、休閒效益與休閒阻礙之研究。碩士論文,臺北市立體育學院休閒運動管理學系,台北,18-22。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林彥汝(2015)。影響 中高齡男性參與學習意圖因素之研究─ 計畫行為理論之觀點。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-145。
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