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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李秀英、劉俊儒及楊筱翎(2011),「企業社會責任與公司績效之關聯性」,東海管理評論,13,(1),77-112。
  2. 黃政仁及詹佳樺(2013),「創新能力、創新效率與公司價值:以台灣電子資訊業為例」,商略學報,5 ,(1),1-17。
  3. 黃建銘(2009),「企業社會責任與營運績效分析:兩層級資料包絡分析法之應用」,國立政治大學,台北市,碩士學位論文。
  4. 陳安琪(2006),「競賽理論與廠商績效:台灣上市櫃電子產業之實證研究」,國立中央大學,桃園市,碩士學位論文。
  5. 張慧貞(2012),「金控公司企業社會責任策略對經營績效的影響」,國立臺北大學,台北市,碩士在職專班碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃心怡(2016)。股票購回宣告效果之研究-BCG模型觀點。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-59。
  2. 黃鐵嶺(2017)。壽險業獲企業獎項與其經營績效之研究。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-63。
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