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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳克、余惠芳、梁榮輝與魏利安(2013)。高槓桿傳統產業、代理問題與信用風險模型之實證研究。華人經濟研究。11(2),1-17。
  2. 李源明(2006)。不同的景氣條件下股價波動與產出波動之間相關性的探討。致遠管理論叢。1(1),69-94。
  3. 林雅俐、劉淙凱(2014)。台灣大型集團企業經營績效之財務指標採礦研究。管理資訊計算。3,480-489。
  4. 洪榮華、雷雅淇(2002)。公司規模、股價、益本比、淨值市價比與股票報酬關係之實證研究。管理評論。21(3),p25 - 48
  5. 陳信宏、陳昱志與鄭舜仁(2006)。以時間數列模型檢定台灣股票市場弱式效率性之研究。管理科學與統計決策。3(4),8-17。
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