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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 康芸(民96)。社工人員對於自身勞動權益的覺知與因應策略之探討? 以臺北市公設民營之社會福利機構為例 。慈濟大學社會工作研究所碩士論文,花蓮。
  2. 莊淑灣(民94)。中部地區國民小學主任工作壓力與因應方式之研究。國立台中師範學院學校行政碩士班,台中。
  3. 許祖維(民96)。解構「專業」:社工系大學畢業生離開社會工作的歷程。暨南大學社會政策與社會工作學系碩士論文,南投。
  4. 陳聖明(民96)。航空地勤人員工作壓力與因應策略關係之研究-以高雄國際機場為例。美和技術學院經營管理研究所碩士論文,屏東。
  5. 黃婉菁(民91)。從工作生活品質、工作壓力觀點探討社會工作者對專業生涯承諾之相關研究。高雄醫學大學行為科學研究所碩士論文,高雄。
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