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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 尹玫君、劉亭言,「網路合作學習評量之探究」,教育學誌,第二十四期,第113-155 頁(2010)
  2. 7. 林美馨、劉川綱、盛夢徽、蘇致遠,「護理能力進階課程數位教材錄製經驗之個案研究」,T.S.M.H Medical Nursing Journal,Vol.15 No.1,pp69-80(2009)
  3. 8. 林裕森,「運用不同階段檢驗項目建構急性腎衰竭病患之預後模型」,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學工業工程與管理系 (2011)
  4. 9. 林義祥,「運用健檢資料建構大腸癌預測模型」,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學工業工程與管理系 (2011)
  5. 13. 陳世杰,「中央空調直接負載控制績效分類與評估系統」,博士論文,中原大學電機工程學系 (2005)
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