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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹姆斯・萊禮(James B.Rieley)著(2004)。
  2. 劉育秀(2010)。高科技產業購併綜效之研究-以平衡計分卡四大構面評估。
  3. Amihud, Y. and Lev, B.,(1981). Risk reduction as a managerial motive for conglomerate mergers. Bell Journal of Economics, Vol.12, 605-617.
  4. Anderson, U., Johnson, J. and Vahlne, J. E.,(1997). Organic acquisitions in the internationalization process of the business firm. Management International Review, Vol.2, 67-84.
  5. Ayse, A. Y. and Elif, A. S.,(2011). The impact of mergers and acquisitions on acquirer performance: evidence from Turkey. Business and Economics Journal, Vol.22, 1-8.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴亭妤(2017)。購併對經營績效、效率及生產力之影響 – 台灣半導體業與金融業之跨業比較。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2017。1-100。
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