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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王祝三、莊雅雪、郭勁甫 (2009)。公司治理、投資與公司價值之關聯性。東吳經濟商學學報,66,69-114。
  2. 余惠芳 (2010)。外部監控、公司治理與公司績效之實證研究。文大商管學報,15(2),107-136。
  3. 余惠芳、陳瑞惠、陳家蓁 (2010)。財務比率、投資決策與公司績效之實證研究—全球金融海嘯前後比較。全球管理與經濟,6(2),1-18。
  4. 李水德 (2006) 。臺灣銀行業經營效率與外匯業務之實證研究。未出版碩士論文,國立成功大學企業管理研究所。
  5. 林翠蓉、張力、侯啟娉、曾韻如、許雅棠 (2011)。家族所有權、公司治理與公司績效關係之實證研究。績效與策略研究,8(1),59-78。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪嘉聰(2014)。經濟發展對所得分配之影響─以環境掃描分析法之應用。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2014。1-43。
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