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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方紫薇(2010)。網路沉迷、因應、孤寂戚與網路社會支持之關係:男女大學生之比較。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系教育心理學報, 41(4),773-798 。
  2. 余德慧、陳斐卿(1996)。人緣:中國人舞台生活的秩序。本土心理學研究,5,2-46。
  3. 岑淑筱、林佳穎(2010)。組織文化、管理者人格特質與領導型態關係之研究-以觀光產業為例。島嶼觀光研究,3(2),26-50。
  4. 周惠莉(2003)。五大人格特質、性別角色與轉換型領導關聯性之研究。未出版碩士論文,中原大學企業管理研究所,桃園縣。
  5. 林旻沛(2004)。大專校院學生網路成癮盛行率及認知因子之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立成功大學醫學院行為醫學研究所,台南市。
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