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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7. 阮翰弘(2010)。股票投資獲利滿意度與績效評估。朝陽科技大學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 10.吳美連、溫淑戀、莊文隆(2011)。師徒功能與組織公民行為的關係-工作滿足的中介效果,企業管理學報,第89期(100年6月),33-56。
  3. 14.卓筱淇(2003)。師徒性別配對與師徒功能及其後果變項關聯性之研究,私立中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 21.黃瓊玉(2005)。師徒功能認知、工作滿足與組織公民行為關聯性之研究,私立中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 23.楊朝凱(2009)。師徒制對知識移轉動機和成效間之關係探討---以台中縣市工具機械產業為例,國立台中技術學院事業經營研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭彥含(2014)。台灣電子業上市公司現金持有因素之實證研究。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2014。1-50。
  2. 張昕(2014)。中國上市公司現金持有因素研究。臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文。2014。1-63。
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