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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方紫薇(2002)。高低網路沉迷者在自我認同、情緒調整及人際互動上之差異。中華心理衛生學刊,15(2),65-67。
  2. 吳佳輝(2004)。社會支持對網路成癮的影響。資訊社會研究,3(7),173-189。
  3. 林珊如(2013)。智慧型手機持續使用意圖、使用行為與使用滿意度的關聯性探討─以期望確認理論觀點。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立成功大學,台南市。
  4. 林珊如(2013)。智慧型手機持續使用意圖、使用行為與使用滿意度的關聯性探討─以期望確認理論觀點。(未出版碩士論文)。成功大學,台南市。
  5. 林美聆(2009)。手機、電玩遊戲與國中生學業表現之相關性研究。(未出版之碩士論文)。亞洲大學,台中市。
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