Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王育文、張國振(2010)。自行車活動參加者休閒涉入與休閒效益知覺之研究,休閒事業研究,8(1), 66-96。
  2. 何東輯、許哲維、胡景翰(2007)。台中縣烏石坑地區鳥類資源介紹,自然保育季刊,60,59-68。
  3. 吳忠宏、張家銘、李枝樺(2009)。台中縣市國小學童休閒參與、休閒阻礙與休閒滿意度之相關研究,休閒暨觀光產業研究,4(1),13-25。
  4. 吳珍妮、吳淑女(2013)。網球運動者之休閒動機、休閒涉入與幸福感的相關研究,運動與遊憩研究,7(4),99-120。
  5. 李立良、李志恭(2011)。大學生之背景休閒參與、休閒阻礙與休閒滿意之研究─以國立高雄餐旅大學學生為例,屏東教大運動科學學刊,7(1),187-205。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周庭竹(2016)。鐵人三項參與者認真休閒特質、休閒阻礙、涉入程度及休閒參與之研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2016。1-143。
  2. 徐瑋函(2016)。音樂對體型雕塑者的休閒動機、休閒涉入、休閒效益與幸福感相關之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2016。1-120。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :