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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳崇旗、翁綾君、吳惠瑩(2010)。冒險教育體驗營對青少年自我實現與人際關係之影響研究。休閒研究,1(4),1-18。
  2. 吳崇旗、謝智謀(2006)。探討戶外冒險教育的效益。中華體育季刊,20(3),43-53。
  3. 吳崇旗、謝智謀(2006)休閒參與、休閒滿意及主觀幸福感之線性結構關係模式建構與驗證,雲林科技大學休閒運動期刊,5,153-166。
  4. 尚憶薇、雷文谷(2005)。非營利性組織暑期夏令營學生志工參與動機及工作滿意度之調查。運動休閒管理學報,2(1),72-82。
  5. 邱皓政(1996)。大學社團活動與學生的心性發展--一個發展心理學的觀點。訓育研究,35(3),37-42。
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