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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 乃慧芳(2013)。田徑選手運動涉入與運動員滿意度之研究,嘉大體育健康休閒期刊,12(2),66-75。
  2. 乃慧芳(2013)。田徑選手運動動機、運動涉入及流暢體驗之研究,運動教練科學,30,53-66。
  3. 方佩欣、張少熙、蕭玲妃(2013)。台北市運動中心使用者之自覺健康狀態、參與動機、休閒涉入及休閒滿意之相關研究,台大體育學報,24,37-48。
  4. 方怡堯(2002)。遊憩涉入與遊憩體驗關係之研究-以溫泉遊客為例。第四屆休閒遊憩觀光學術研討會論文集-觀光發展與觀光衝擊篇(頁105-116)。臺北市:中華民國戶外遊憩學會。
  5. 王明月(2012)。桌球選手運動涉入、流暢體驗與身體自我概念之關係,大專體育學刊,14(3),328-336。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高峰騑(2015)。羽球運動參與者休閒涉入與幸福感之研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2015。1-81。 
  2. 劉珂銘(2016)。臺中市公立幼兒園教保服務人員的休閒涉入、休閒效益與幸福感之研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2016。1-159。 
  3. 劉祝琳(2015)。中年規律網球參與者之參與動機、阻礙因素以及持續涉入因應策略。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-162。
  4. 戴秀慧(2016)。找尋幸福的所在-線上遊戲玩家幸福感相關因素之研究。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-151。
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