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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. British Petroleum (BP), “BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2012”, BP p.l.c., London (2012).
  2. Duit, R., “Learning the energy conception in school: Empirical results from the Philippines and West Germany”, Physics Education, 19, p59-66(1984).
  3. Rea, L.M., and Parker, R.A., ”Designing and Conducting Survey Research:A Comprehensive Guide”, Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco(2007).
  4. Rubens A. Dias, Cristiano R. Mattos, and Jose A. P. Balestieri, “Energy education: breaking up the rational energy use barriers”, Energy Policy, vol 32, issue 11, p1339-1347(2004).
  5. Shu Ching Yang and Shu Fang Liu, “ Case study of online workshop for the professional development of teachers”, Computers in Human Behavior volume 20, p733–761, Taiwan (2004).
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊惠芸(2014)。中小學能源科技教育推動中心種子教師推動能源教育之研究-以新北市為例。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-142。 
  2. 葉宗澤(2014)。能源創新教材對偏遠地區國小五年級學童學習成效分析-以臺中市海線為例。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2014。1-114。
  3. 陳英儒(2014)。能源創新教材對國中教師之增能成效分析-以臺中市屯區某國中為例。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2014。1-131。
  4. 賴秀芳(2014)。能源創新教材對偏遠地區國小教師之增能成效分析-以台中市山線為例。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2014。1-141。
  5. 林雅惠(2014)。能源創新教材對偏遠地區國小教師能源增能成效之分析-以台中市海線為例。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2014。1-128。
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