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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 17 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2]. 古蕾琪. (2011年07月01日). 台灣數位學習產業面對雲端運算興的經營策略研究. 2012年07月01日 擷取自 國立中央大學:
  2. [1]. MIC資訊系統研究團隊. (2012年01月31日). 2012年全球電腦資訊硬體產業回顧與展望. 2012年03月20日 擷取自 MIC產業情報研究所:
  3. [3]. 行政院經建會經研處. (2011年8月30日). 我國網路普及率持續上升,快速邁向E化典範國家. 2012年05月03日 擷取自 行政院經濟建設委員會:
  4. [4]. 李振妮. (2000年01月01日). 網路消費者購買決策行為之研究. 2012年06月22日 擷取自 臺灣碩博士論文加值系統:
  5. [5]. 明雲青. (2010年09月14日). 2011年台灣製造業e化大調查. 2012年03月20日 擷取自 DIGITIMES:
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