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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] 行政院體育委員會(2011),中華民國101年運動統計,行政院體育委員會。
  2. [8] 林宗正(2010),「影響潛水運動之相關訊息與教學推廣建議—以中山大學為例」,休閒運動期刊,第9期,第19-24頁。
  3. [14] 曹以樂(2003),大台北地區青少年休閒認知與參與行為之研究,碩士論文,臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所,台北。
  4. [18] 黃任閔、李懷生(2009),「墾丁水域運動參與者參與動機與休閒阻礙之研究」,輔仁大學體育學刊,第8期,第63-79頁。
  5. [21] 蔡鋒樺(2011),「大學生於水肺潛水活動參與動機之探討-以屏東墾丁潛點為例」,屏東教大運動科學學刊,第7期,第103-116頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明倫(2015)。休閒水肺潛水員休閒契合度之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-119。 
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