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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 史習安、詹惠君、朱國明、黃俊英(2008)。以顧客關係管理觀點探討顧客保留之前因、中介與干擾模型研究。中山管理評論。第十六卷第一期 P119-148。
  2. 江惠敏(2012)。國小教師保險教育融入班級經營教學之研究-以南投縣為例。未出版碩士論文,朝陽科技大學保險金融管理系,臺中市。
  3. 吳富堯、莊鎮寧、蔡尚倫(2011)。以氣候暖化看高雄水災與土石流之風險管理。管理雜誌。
  4. 李家興(2012)。大學生理財認知與理財行為之研究。淡江大學商學院國際商學碩士在職專班碩士論文,臺北市。
  5. 施宗英(2005)。行政機關風險管理推動機構與做法。研考雙月刊,28卷3 期,P88-94。
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