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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳秀麗(2008)。護理人員職業倦怠、休閒調適及休閒效益之研究。未出版碩士論文,亞洲大學,台中。
  2. 吳政融(2002)。大學體育教師工作壓力及因應方式之研究。台灣師範大學,未出版碩士論文,台北
  3. 張良漢(2006)。金融從業人員工作壓力、休閒調適及身心健康狀況之研究。 Asian Journal of Management and Humanity Sciences,1(1),161-174。
  4. 張芸愷(2006)。國際線女空服員工作壓力與身心健康之研究。未出版碩士論文,靜宜大學,台中。
  5. 許義忠、余緒德(2005)。休閒、壓力與調適研究-以中華航空女性空服員為例。戶外遊憩研究,18(2),1-24。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋瓊如(2015)。高雄市國中教師工作壓力、休閒參與及休閒調適之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-118。 
  2. 蘇育德(2015)。高雄地區矯正機關戒護管理人員工作壓力、休閒參與及幸福感之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-71。
  3. 張淑娟(2017)。公務人員工作壓力與休閒調適策略之研究:以臺中市區公所為例。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2017。1-235。
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