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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 198 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王慧瑜(2012)。學齡前兒童零食攝取現況與父母態度行為之關係(未出
  2. 主婦聯盟環境保護基金會(2013/01/02)。我們需要什麼樣的飲食教育法?
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2012)。市售含糖飲料及冰品熱量比較一覽表。
  4. 行政院衛生署(2013年1月4日)。衛生統計系列(一)死因統計。
  5. 行政院衛生署(2013年1月29日)。食物與營養-你今天5蔬果了嗎?
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉淑青(2014)。以探究食物顏色為主的科學活動對幼兒飲食習慣之影響。朝陽科技大學應用化學系學位論文。2014。1-180。
  2. 劉紋菁(2015)。臺中市幼兒園餐點現況:比較公立與私立幼兒園飲食供應狀況。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2015。1-140。
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