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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 182 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方怡潔、伍木成、王建興(2012)。參與式賽會賽會形象量表編製之研究。體育運動與Amos統計應用期刊,1,18-26。
  2. 王明元、曾麗燕(2009)。遊客對渡假旅館的吸引力、滿意度及忠誠度之研究。商業現代化學刊,5(2),71-86。
  3. 王學富(2007)。運動舞蹈選手參與動機與阻礙因素之研究-以2007世界運動舞蹈台灣公開賽為例。未出版碩士論文,國立師範大學運動與休閒管理所,台北市。
  4. 交通部觀光局(2002)。觀光政策白皮書。台北:交通部觀光局。
  5. 交通部觀光局(2009)。觀光拔尖領航計畫。台北:交通部觀光局。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳偉銘(2014)。運動觀光發展意願模式之建構 -以太魯閣峽谷馬拉松賽為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2014。1-94。
  2. 魏埤全(2015)。服務品質、品牌形象對顧客滿意與顧客忠誠影響之研究。臺北大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-98。
  3. 劉雅嵐(2015)。以重複捕取實驗估計台灣地區馬拉松運動人口數。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2015。1-77。
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