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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 188 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 交通部觀光局(2011)。民國100年國人旅遊狀況調查。交通部觀光局,台
  2. 吳忠宏、江宜珍(2003)。國立科學工藝博物館觀眾參觀動機與滿意度之研
  3. 吳肇展(2007)。休閒農場體驗行銷與重遊意願關係之研究-以顧客滿意度
  4. 李俊鴻、黃錦煌(2011)。文化資產訪客知覺價值與觀光效益評估─以大龍
  5. 劭意玲(2008)。台灣民眾赴大陸旅遊知覺價值與旅客滿意對忠誠度影響之
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑋瀅(2015)。觀光工廠行銷策略關鍵成功因素探討:AHP分析方法。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2015。1-106。
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