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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛筱艷、梁應平(2003)。文化對於基層員工工作負荷過重、角色衝突、角色模糊與工作倦怠之影響研究。文大商管學報,8(1),55-78。
  2. 行政院體育委員會(2000)。休閒活動專書。臺北市:中華民國體育學會。
  3. 吳宗祐、鄭伯壎(2003)。組織情緒研究之回顧與前瞻。應用心理研究,19,137-173。
  4. 吳雅筠(2007)。休閒緩衝壓力模式與休閒壓抑壓力模式比較分析之研究。未出版碩士論文,高雄餐旅學院,高雄市。
  5. 李新民、陳密桃(2006)。幼兒教師的情緒勞務因素結構及其對工作倦怠之影響。高雄師大學報,20,67-90。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許富景(2015)。青少年網球選手完美主義、特質性焦慮對競技倦怠之影響。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2015。1-125。
  2. 楊學益(2017)。運動員體重控制對身心倦怠與運動表現的影響。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2017。1-68。
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