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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 林致遠、吳銘達、張克昌、江承哲(2008)。都市計畫、交通建設與產業引進關聯性之研究-以國道5號與「大洋都市計畫」對頭城地區影響為例。蘭陽學報,7,124-135。
  2. 5. 林宜民(2010)。國內新建高速公路對遊客遊憩區選擇影響之研究—以蘇花高興建方案為例(碩士論文)。國立成功大學,台南市。
  3. 6. 周佳雯、郭乃文、徐勝一(2010)。宜蘭地區居民社區依附與其觀光發展衝擊認知之研究-重大交通建設的中介效果。華岡地理學報,26,1-15。
  4. 7. 徐崇堯(2008)。博物館遊憩效益與遊客評價之研究--以國立自然科學博物館為例(碩士論文)。國立中興大學,台中市。
  5. 11. 吳欣憲(2009)。北宜高通車對宜蘭地區遊客遊憩行為規劃之影響研究(碩士論文)。國立成功大學,台南市。
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