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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Adams, H.S., Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J., Colvile, R.N., McMullen, M.A.S., Khandelwal, P., “Fine particle (PM2.5) personal exposure levels in transport microenvironments, London, UK,” Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 279, pp. 29-44 (2005).
  2. Almeida, S.M., Pio, C.A., Freitas, M.C., Reis, M.A., Trancoso, M.A., “Approaching PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 source apportionment by mass balance analysis, principal component analysis and particle size distribution,” Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 368, pp. 663-674 (2006).
  3. Almeida, S.M., Pio, C.A., Freitas, M.C., Reis, M.A., Trancoso, M.A., “Source apportionment of fine and coarse particulate matter in a sub-urban area at the Western European coast,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 39, pp. 3127-3138 (2005).
  4. Artinano, B., Salvador, P., Alonso, D.G., Querol, X., Alastuey, A., “Influence of traffic on the PM10 and PM2.5 urban aerosol fractions in Madrid (Spain),” Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 334-335, pp. 111-123 (2004).
  5. Burnett, R.T., Smith-Doiron, M., Stieb, D., Cakmak, S., Brook, J.R., “Effects of aprticulate and gaseous air pollution on cardiorespiratory hospitalizations,” Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health, Vol. 54, pp. 130-139 (1999).
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱千綺(2015)。大氣細懸浮微粒與鉛濃度分析不確定度評估。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2015。1-51。
  2. 曾佑綸(2016)。台灣南部及菲律賓北部大氣細懸浮微粒之化學成份特徵分析及交互影響探討。中山大學環境工程研究所學位論文。2016。1-163。
  3. 李佳穎(2016)。台灣地區長期細懸浮微粒暴露與第2型糖尿病發病風險之關聯研究。成功大學環境醫學研究所學位論文。2016。1-89。
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