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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王基祥( 2008 )。身心障礙者交通服務之研究—以南投縣溫馨巴士交通服務為例(未出版碩士論文)。暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學系研究所,南投。
  2. 王寶能(2013)。公司夥伴關係建構與運作之研究—以「西螺大橋觀光文化節」為例(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系研究所,臺北。
  3. 白峻安(2015)。利用類電磁演法求解於需求反應是撥招問題—以新北市復康巴士為例(未出版碩士論文)。淡江大學運輸管理學系運輸科學研究所,臺北。
  4. 交通部運輸研究所(1996)。彈性路線無障礙運輸服務之規劃設計。臺北:交通部。
  5. 吳英明(1993)。公私部門協力關係和「公民參與」之探討。《中國行政評論》。2,3。
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