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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 211 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 16.黃書禮、李佳倫、賴曉瑩,1998,"臺北盆地生態能量流動與土地使用之關係─(1)土地使用能量階層生分析",《都市與計劃》,25(2),pp.205-221。
  2. 18.鄭春發、吳連賞,2011,"高屏地區生態經濟系統演變與比較分析─以能值分為例",《城市學學刊》,2(2),pp.57-111。
  3. 3.李永展,2002,"以都市指標系統檢談台北市之永續性趨勢",《都市與計劃》,29(4),pp.551-574。
  4. 6.洪于婷、鄒克萬,2006,"地方永續發展空間結構變遷之分析",《都市與計劃》,33(4),pp.321-344。
  5. 10.黃書禮、游輝禎、鄭秀藝,1988,"土地使用適宜性分析─評估方法與應用",《都市與計劃》,Vol.15,pp.1-29。
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