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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王桂英、周傳姜、黃瑞蘭(2010)。臨床護理人員工作價值觀、專業承諾與離職傾向及其相關因素之探討。護理雜誌,57(1),22-34。
  2. 王靜琳、呂桂雲、黃瓊玉、何美瑤(2008)。護理人員專業承諾及其相關因素之探討。長庚護理,19(3),334-345。
  3. 王靜琳、蔡來蔭、呂桂雲(2005)。專業承諾之概念分析。護理雜誌,52(5),71-77。
  4. 吳淑卿(2003)。室內設計業者性別角色信念, 家庭承諾, 專業承諾關係之研究。中原大學室內設計學系碩士學位論文,未出版論文,桃園縣。
  5. 汪慧玲、沈佳生(2009)。幼保系應屆畢業生專業信念之研究。幼兒保育學刊,(7),63-77。
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