Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王國欽、陳嘉隆與周淑惠(2002)。老年旅客旅遊行為之探討。觀光研究學報,8(2),101-113。
  2. 甘唐沖與陳沛庭(2012)。Facebook社群使用者國民旅遊動機涉入與效益關係模型之研究。行銷科學學報,8(1),55-76。
  3. 李宗派(2007)。老化概念(II)行為科學之老化理論與老化理論研究趨勢。台灣銀髮族保健學刊,3(2),25-61。
  4. 李青松與劉德彥(2011)。銀髮族參與旅遊動機與阻礙之回顧研究。運動休閒餐旅研究,6(2),30-58。
  5. 李素馨、李維貞與黃方銘(2008)。外籍遊客之夜市旅遊行為與體驗之關係。休閒與遊憩研究,2(2),63-90。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :