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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余泰魁、李能慧(2001)。台灣地區北部民眾對金門旅遊滿意度模式之建構與實證。戶外遊憩研究,14(4),51-76。
  2. 吳忠宏、黃宗成、邱廷亮(2004)。玉山國家公園遊客旅遊動機、期望、體驗、滿意度與重遊意願之研究。國家公園學報,14(2),23-41。
  3. 李安娜、邱長光、林郁潔、吳怡伶、黃雅雯、郭映岑、林冠妏(2015)。中高齡遊客參與旅遊活動之環境恢復性知覺, 知覺身心健康與滿意度之研究-以溪頭自然教育園區為例。福祉科技與服務管理學刊,3(3),351-352。
  4. 李君如、陳品孜(2011)。美學經濟風潮下的企業創新思維-由厚植美感與品牌經營的觀光工廠經驗談起。Journal of Health Management,9(1),83-97。
  5. 李明儒、陳雅捷(2010)。島嶼遊客體驗價值、滿意度以及重遊意願之研究─以澎湖吉貝嶼、七美嶼為例。
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