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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林大嘉(2014)。台灣觀光遊樂業遊客人次預測之研究(碩士論文)。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系研究所,台中。
  2. 施君翰、謝昆翰、陳羿文、朱達仁(2016)。馬祖觀光旅遊人次推估與預測。休憩管理研究, 3(1), 31-46。
  3. 張育維(2011)。混合模式於觀光需求預測之研究。管理實務與理論研究, 5(3), 74-86。
  4. 陳一志(2007)。台灣地區出國人次之預測-灰色預測法,類神經網路, ARIMA 與 SARIMA 模型之應用(碩士論文)。臺灣大學國家發展研究所, 1-79。
  5. 鄭天澤、時巧煒 (1995)。來華觀光旅客需求預測模式比較分析.。管理評論, 14(1), 77-116。
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