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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 168 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁鋼(2003)。同儕互助:教學創新的內在動力。課程與教學季刊,6(2),1-10。
  2. 江麗莉(1998)。幼稚園搭檔教師合作關係的建立:協同行動研究。國科會專題研究計畫成果報告編號:NSC88-2413-H134-011,臺北,中華民國行政院國家科學委員會。
  3. 何欣姿(2007)。公立幼稚園教師在合作教學上之問題及其影響因素。致遠管理學院報,2,29-56。
  4. 吳珮如、陳筱昀(2005)。男性教師於幼教職場現況的探討-以平平老師為例。國教新知,53(2),18-25。
  5. 李怡君(2009)。性別平等教育法校園實施之現況—以宜蘭縣為例。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學政治研究所碩士論文,台北。
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