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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3]Childerhouse, P., Towill, D., “Engineering supply chains to match customer requirements,” Logistics Information Management, 13(6), 2000, Pages 337-345
  2. [6]Disney, S.M., Potter, A.T., Gardner, B.M., “The impact of vendor managed inventory on transport operations,” Transportation Research, Part E 39, 2003, Pages 363-380
  3. [9]deMin, James E., “Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment (CPFR) and the Network-Cracking the Bullwhip,” IT Research Library, 2003, Infonet Services Corporation, available from
  4. [10]Lee, H.L., Padmanabhan, P., Whang, S., “Information distortion in a supply chain: The Bullwhip Effect,” Management Science, 43, 1997a, Pages 543-558.
  5. [11]Lee, H.L., Padmanabhan, V., Whang, S., “The bullwhip effect in supply chains,” Sloan Management Review, 38 (3), 1997b, Pages 93-102.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃文俊(2008)。以品類管理為基礎之紡織成衣業CPFR銷售預測模式。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-95。 
  2. 賴志偉(2007)。CPFR電子化程序模式建構之研究。臺北科技大學機電整合研究所學位論文。2007。1-107。
  3. 陳銘驥(2009)。CPFR於3C流通業應用之研究。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2009。1-97。
  4. 李自元(2010)。向量地形圖製程效益提昇之研究-以五萬分之一軍用地形圖為例。中興大學土木工程學系所學位論文。2010。1-84。
  5. 侯景霖(2013)。影像地圖資料庫製程效益提升之研究 -以五萬分之一地形圖為例。中興大學土木工程學系所學位論文。2013。1-71。
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